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  1. It was in April 1971 that India had won the five match test series with margin of 1-0 against WI in WI. The following tour to England starting in June 1971 included 16 Warmup matches and 3 Tests. Whereas the WI tour comprised of 6 warmups and 5 test matches. (A) Tour Schedule and results: Schedule reference: http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/62286.html (B) Selection and experience of English conditions: Vijay Merchant was the chariman of selectors. Indian Squad: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Farokh Engineer (wk), Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, Dilip Sardesai, Abbas Ali Baig, Syed Kirmani, P. Krishnamurthy (wk), Kinnani (wk), Kenia Jayantilal, Syed Kirmani, D Govindraj. England Squad: Ray Illingworth (c), John Edrich, John Price, Geoff Boycott, Norman Gifford, John Snow, Basil D Oliveira, Dennis Amiss, Alan Knott (wk), Brian Luckhurst, Richard Hutton, John Jameson, Derek Underwood, Peter Lever, Keith Fletcher. 3 players (Jeejebhoy, ML Jaisimha and Salim Durani) who were part of Indian squad to WI a month before were dropped. Farokh Engineer (wk), Kirmani (wk) Abbas Ali Baig and Chandrasekhar were picked in the squad. Pataudi who had lost place in WI series had contested elections and was ignored for this series as well. He did not take his sacking from captaincy well at all. Jaisimha's international career ended after having dropped for this series. Amarnath too who played just one test (debut) in lost series against Australia in India continued to be ignored for the WI and now this England series. Amarnath was out of the teams for atleast 5 years. Farokh Engineer had played a lot of cricket at Lancashire. In fact Lancashire declined to release Farokh for warmup matches and Farokh missed all 16 warmups. I doubt any Indian cricketer has even played half the county matches in what Farokh played apart from MAK Pataudi. From this team, Farokh Engineer, Ajit Wadekar , Chandra, Dilip Sardesai and Bedi had toured to England in 1967. Engineer was also most experienced amongst this squad, followed by Wadekar, Sardesai, Prasanna and Bedi. (C) Players : Debutant series for: England - John Jameson India : None Both team players were match fit having played test series shortly before this series. Bowling attacks: MAK had realized that there were no quality pacers and he had built the spin quartet. Bedi, Venkataraghavan, Chandrasekhar had made debuts under MAK Pataaudi's captaincy. Prasanna was the only spinner from spin quartet who had made debut under Nari Contractor's captaincy. Wadekar and other captains maintained the spin quartet attack composition they had acquired. Although Prasanna was dropped because Venkat did the job of off-spinner as well. England on the other hand had one of the best English pace bowler ever in John Snow. He was dropped for second test due to his onfield behavior. Snow, Richard Hutton,John Price and Peter Lever formed the pace attack. Raymond Illingworth, Gifford and Underwood were the spinners. As usual England had better pacers and India had better spin attack. Batting lineups: 1970's was very tough decade to bat in. England had batting super stars in Amiss and Boycott. Knott was the best keeper ever. Sunny had just one series under his belt but he was in prolific form and easily the best batsman during that year, closely followed by Dilip Sardesai as another in form batsman. Vishy was not as successful as those two in WI series. (D) Captaincy and Team form: Ajit Wadekar who captained in the tour to WI in 1971 and won the series, was captaining this side as well. Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi was the Indian captain for that series. Prior to that, Australia had won 5 match test series against India in India by a margin of 3-1. Mansur Ali KHan Pataudi was the Indian captain for that series. Ray Illingworth, was very experienced cricketer who graduated himself to captaincy. Under his captaincy England won the 3-match test series against WI (June - July 1969) in England by a margin of 2-0, then won the 3 match test series against NZ (July - August 1969) in England in by a margin of 2-0 followed by an Ashes win in Australia (Nov 1969 - Feb 1970) in 7 match test series by a margin of 2-0, then toured NZ (Feb - March 1971) and won the 2 match test series by a margin of 1-0 followed by test series win against Pakistan in England (June - July 1971) by a margin of 1-0. Such was England's success under captaincy of Ray Illingworth that in 17 matches he captained until this series, England had won 8 tests, drawn 9 amd lost none. Ray Illingworth's captaincy records are too good: Tests Captained- 31, Won - 12, Lost 5, Draw - 13. England had also whitewashed India by a margin of 3-0 on the last tour of England in 1967. Given the aforementioned contexts, England were the strong favorites more so as they were the home team as well. (E) Test Series : India had played good number of warmups to get going. 1st Test: Jul 22-27, 1971 England v India at Lord's - Draw Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17255/scorecard/63076/england-vs-india-1st-test-india-tour-of-england-1971 England won the toss and opted to bat England Playing 11: Ray Illingworth (c), John Edrich, John Price, Geoff Boycott, Norman Gifford, John Snow, Basil D Oliveira, Dennis Amiss, Alan Knott (wk), Brian Luckhurst, Richard Hutton India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Farokh Engineer (wk), Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, Dilip Sardesai Raymond Illingworth won the toss and opted to bat first. As it was more often than not, Wadekar had lost the toss again. Abid Ali opened the bowling for India. He strucky early as Boycott edged one to Farokh on Abid Ali's bowling. A very big wicket that. Bedi and Chandra then took two wickets each and England at home were reduced to 71/5. Thec came the partnership of Illingworth and Alan Knott which stopped the collapse as they put on 90 runs. To everyones surprise the top scorer was pacer John Snow who scored 73 - this 73 remains Snow's career best test score. England had managed to fightback with first innings total of 304. Apart from the wicket of Boycott taken by Abid Ali, the remaining wickets had fell to the 3 spinners (Bedi -4, Chandra - 3, Venkat - 2). In the Indian first innings, Ashok Mankad and Sunny were dismissed very cheaply. Wadekar scored a wonderful 85, which was the best innnings for India in this test.He was well supported by Vishy (68), Engineer (28) and Solkar (67). India had taken first innings lead of 9 runs haveing replied with score of 314. England's struggle against spin was worse in second innings. Indian spinners took 9 wickets (Venkat - 4, Chandra - 2 and Bedi - 2) in this innings as well to dismiss them for 191. India had to score 183 to win. Ashok Mankad, the opener, edged one to Knott off Snow's bowling. Wadekar was dismissed early as well as India were 21/2. Sunny top scored in this innings with a well made 53. In his partnership with Farokh Engineer, John Snow the wel built bowler had pushed Sunny while runnung even though Sunny was not stopping Snow from being in path of the ball. Sunny fell down. This incident was taken badly and England management dropped John Snow from the second test for this unacceptable behavior on field. Though Snow apologized to Sunny, England think tank sacked him for next test. Farokh had counter attacked scoring 35 of 40 balls. Vishy, Sardesai ,Solkar, Abid Ali and Venkat were dismissed cheaply. The rain meanwhile had interfered as India needed to score 38 with two wickets left. The match was interstingly poised with Solkar still there who used to score fighting 50's as we have seen previously. However, there was no play post tea on the final day and the match ended in a draw. 2nd Test: Aug 5-10, 1971 England v India at Manchester - Draw Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17255/scorecard/63077/england-vs-india-2nd-test-india-tour-of-england-1971 England won the toss and opted to bat. England Playing 11: Ray Illingworth (c), John Edrich, John Price, Norman Gifford, Basil D Oliveira, Alan Knott (wk), Keith Fletcher, Brian Luckhurst, Peter Lever, Richard Hutton, John Jameson India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Farokh Engineer (wk), Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, Dilip Sardesai Wadekar lost the toss...yet again. Illingworth opted to bat first. For England, Boycott and Amiss were replaced by Jameson and Keith Fletcher. Snow was sacked as disciplinary measure of pushing Sunny. Petr Lever the home bowler at this ground replaced Snow. India retained all players who played in first test. Abid Ali bowled a maginificent first spell claiming three wickets in two overs, reducing England to 25/3. He followed this with another wicket of Basil D'Oliveira and England were reeling at 41/4. The partnership between opener Luckhurst and keeper Knott took England to 116/5 as Venkat claimed the wicket of Knott. Raymond Illingworth made 107 and Luckhurst did his part with a well made 78 when Indian bowlers were well on top as wicktes tumbled at other end. Umpiring decisions came under scanner though in Illingworth's knock. Home player and a captain. Like Snow did in previous test, here Lever scored 88 not out which is his career best score in test cricket.England were steered safe to 386 after the top order collapse courtesy good knocks by Luckhurst, Illingworth and Lever. Abid Ali was pick of the bolwers with 4 wickets in his devastating first spell. if onyl spinners had supported him in this test and made advantage of the collapse he had triggered. India lost Ashok Mankad early. Sunny though as usual put a price on his wicket and scored 57. These were testing conditions with rain falling before the start of the day with pace and swing on offer. Apart from Sunny, only Eknath Solkar managed to score a 50. Sunny had showed his class yet again when the conditions favored pacers overseas hugely. Lever on his home ground had taken 5/70 as India scored 212. Pace wise Price was faster though than Peter Lever. Apart from Sunny and Solkar, nobody stood up. England had a massive lead of 174 runs. Luckhurst continued his fine form with a 101. Edrich supported with 59 and Illingworth scored a 16 ball 23 as England declared on 245/3. India were set a daunting target of 420 runs. India were 65/3 at Stumps on Day 4. There was no play on Day 5 and rain had saved this test for India. 3rd Test: Aug 19-24, 1971 England v India at The Oval - India won by 4 wickets Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17255/scorecard/63078/england-vs-india-3rd-test-india-tour-of-england-1971 Rain had interferred in both previous tests: Test 1: No play happened on Day 5 post tea as India needed 38 runs to win with two wickets left. Both teams could have won this. Test 2: All of Day 5 was washed out due to rain with India needing to score 355 runs more and 7 wickets left. England were favorites given the conditions, the bowlers who could exploit the overcast conditions and number of runs required. England won the toss and opted to bat England Playing 11: Ray Illingworth (c), John Edrich, John Price, John Snow, Basil D Oliveira, Derek Underwood, Alan Knott (wk), Keith Fletcher, Brian Luckhurst, Richard Hutton, John Jameson. India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Farokh Engineer (wk), Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, Dilip Sardesai. Illingworth had won three tosses in row. Wadekar as more often than not had lost yet another toss. Illingworth opted to bat first. Snow replaced Peter Lever who was outstanding in second test with a 5/70. Dered Underwood replaced spinner Gifford. India played same team for third time in this series. Abid Ali and Solkar opened the bowling innings. It was Solkar though, this time, who picked the early wicket of in-form Luckhurst for just 1 run in his very first over. Jameson and Edrich scored a partnership of 106 runs - England being 112/2 when Edrich was dismissed. Jameson was run out for 82. Few wickets fell in frequent intervals as England score stood at 175/6. Knott (90) and Hutton (81) heped England recover the innings to respectable 355. Solakr had grabbed 3 wickets and Chandra, Bedi, Venkat with 2 each. 1 (Jameson) was run-out. There was no play on Day 2 due to rain. Price and Snow claimed one wicket each as both Indian openers were out chepaly. India were 21/2. Sardesai made a fighting 54 as Wadekar accompanied him with 48 runs, Vishy was out for a duck. Solkar yet again chipped in with handy 44 while Engineer was highest scorer for India in this innings with a score of 59. Abid Ali and Venkat too made handy contributions. India were all out for 284, giving England a lead of 71 runs. The twist was about to happen. Chandra took 6/38 in 18.1 overs. I have this as my choice of best bowling ever by Chandra. English conditions, decider test, team totally struggling with a massive lead only for a spinner to wreck havoc. The top score for England was 33 by opener Luckhurst who too was dismissed by Chandra.Venkat supported Chandra with 2/44. England were all out for 101 giving India a target of 173. All looked good until, Sunny was LBW to Snow for a duck and Ashok Mankad out for 11. 37/2. India were 95/2 at stumps of Day 4. Next day Wadekar continued and played captains innings top scoring with 45. Sardesai was second best run scorer with 40 and Vishy third best with 33. At lunch India needed 25 to win with Vishy and Engineer at crease. With 4 runs required, a very part time bowler (probably even lesser than that if there is any) had Vishy caught by Knott. His only test wicket ever and he picked a very good batsman. Meanwhile Engineer had chipped in with 28 till then and remained not out with Abid Ali hitting the winning boundar remaining not out on 4. The clippings of crowd lifting both batsmen were awesome. First ever victory for India over England in England. India had won three overseas test series in about 3 years. NZ (1968), WI (1971), England (1971). (F) Career impacts: (1)John Jameson was dropped post this series and he played only one test later after couple of years in 1974. He played only one test though. (2)Richard Hutton was never picked again and this series ended his test career. (G) Notable events: (1) India's first test win in England as well as first test series win in England. (2) FC matches: Played 16, Won 6, Lost 1, Drawn 9. (3) Tests: Played 3, Won 1, Drawn 2. (4) Bedi, Chandra and Venkat played all 3 tests. Out of 53 English wickets that fell in the series, the spin trio claimed 37 wickets. Medium pace of Solkar and Abid Ali took 11 wickets. 5 wickets were effected by run-outs. (5) Wadekar top scored for India with 204 runs in series to end up as third highest run scorer of this series from both teams. (6) Chandra's spell won the test for India at Oval. (7) A huge crowd attended while the team travelled from Mumbai Airport to CCI to congratulate team for winning two overseas back to back test series (West Indies & England) (8) Standing concrete bat structure was raised in Indore to appreciate the two successive overseas test wins. Names of all cricketers in squad written with autograph of Ajit Wadekar on top. Irony was that after the loss later this structure in Indore was damaged by fans.
  2. It was in April 1971 that India had won the five match test series with margin of 1-0 against WI in WI. The following tour to England starting in June 1971 included 16 Warmup matches and 3 Tests. Whereas the WI tour comprised of 6 warmups and 5 test matches. (A) Tour Schedule and results: Schedule reference: http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/62286.html (B) Selection and experience of English conditions: Vijay Merchant was the chariman of selectors. Indian Squad: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Farokh Engineer (wk), Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, Dilip Sardesai, Abbas Ali Baig, Syed Kirmani, P. Krishnamurthy (wk), Kinnani (wk), Kenia Jayantilal, Syed Kirmani, D Govindraj. England Squad: Ray Illingworth (c), John Edrich, John Price, Geoff Boycott, Norman Gifford, John Snow, Basil D Oliveira, Dennis Amiss, Alan Knott (wk), Brian Luckhurst, Richard Hutton, John Jameson, Derek Underwood, Peter Lever, Keith Fletcher. 3 players (Jeejebhoy, ML Jaisimha and Salim Durani) who were part of Indian squad to WI a month before were dropped. Farokh Engineer (wk), Kirmani (wk) Abbas Ali Baig and Chandrasekhar were picked in the squad. Pataudi who had lost place in WI series had contested elections and was ignored for this series as well. He did not take his sacking from captaincy well at all. Jaisimha's international career ended after having dropped for this series. Amarnath too who played just one test (debut) in lost series against Australia in India continued to be ignored for the WI and now this England series. Amarnath was out of the teams for atleast 5 years. Farokh Engineer had played a lot of cricket at Lancashire. In fact Lancashire declined to release Farokh for warmup matches and Farokh missed all 16 warmups. I doubt any Indian cricketer has even played half the county matches in what Farokh played apart from MAK Pataudi. From this team, Farokh Engineer, Ajit Wadekar , Chandra, Dilip Sardesai and Bedi had toured to England in 1967. Engineer was also most experienced amongst this squad, followed by Wadekar, Sardesai, Prasanna and Bedi. (C) Players : Debutant series for: England - John Jameson India : None Both team players were match fit having played test series shortly before this series. Bowling attacks: MAK had realized that there were no quality pacers and he had built the spin quartet. Bedi, Venkataraghavan, Chandrasekhar had made debuts under MAK Pataaudi's captaincy. Prasanna was the only spinner from spin quartet who had made debut under Nari Contractor's captaincy. Wadekar and other captains maintained the spin quartet attack composition they had acquired. Although Prasanna was dropped because Venkat did the job of off-spinner as well. England on the other hand had one of the best English pace bowler ever in John Snow. He was dropped for second test due to his onfield behavior. Snow, Richard Hutton,John Price and Peter Lever formed the pace attack. Raymond Illingworth, Gifford and Underwood were the spinners. As usual England had better pacers and India had better spin attack. Batting lineups: 1970's was very tough decade to bat in. England had batting super stars in Amiss and Boycott. Knott was the best keeper ever. Sunny had just one series under his belt but he was in prolific form and easily the best batsman during that year, closely followed by Dilip Sardesai as another in form batsman. Vishy was not as successful as those two in WI series. (D) Captaincy and Team form: Ajit Wadekar who captained in the tour to WI in 1971 and won the series, was captaining this side as well. Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi was the Indian captain for that series. Prior to that, Australia had won 5 match test series against India in India by a margin of 3-1. Mansur Ali KHan Pataudi was the Indian captain for that series. Ray Illingworth, was very experienced cricketer who graduated himself to captaincy. Under his captaincy England won the 3-match test series against WI (June - July 1969) in England by a margin of 2-0, then won the 3 match test series against NZ (July - August 1969) in England in by a margin of 2-0 followed by an Ashes win in Australia (Nov 1969 - Feb 1970) in 7 match test series by a margin of 2-0, then toured NZ (Feb - March 1971) and won the 2 match test series by a margin of 1-0 followed by test series win against Pakistan in England (June - July 1971) by a margin of 1-0. Such was England's success under captaincy of Ray Illingworth that in 17 matches he captained until this series, England had won 8 tests, drawn 9 amd lost none. Ray Illingworth's captaincy records are too good: Tests Captained- 31, Won - 12, Lost 5, Draw - 13. England had also whitewashed India by a margin of 3-0 on the last tour of England in 1967. Given the aforementioned contexts, England were the strong favorites more so as they were the home team as well. (E) Test Series : India had played good number of warmups to get going. 1st Test: Jul 22-27, 1971 England v India at Lord's - Draw Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17255/scorecard/63076/england-vs-india-1st-test-india-tour-of-england-1971 England won the toss and opted to bat England Playing 11: Ray Illingworth (c), John Edrich, John Price, Geoff Boycott, Norman Gifford, John Snow, Basil D Oliveira, Dennis Amiss, Alan Knott (wk), Brian Luckhurst, Richard Hutton India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Farokh Engineer (wk), Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, Dilip Sardesai Raymond Illingworth won the toss and opted to bat first. As it was more often than not, Wadekar had lost the toss again. Abid Ali opened the bowling for India. He strucky early as Boycott edged one to Farokh on Abid Ali's bowling. A very big wicket that. Bedi and Chandra then took two wickets each and England at home were reduced to 71/5. Thec came the partnership of Illingworth and Alan Knott which stopped the collapse as they put on 90 runs. To everyones surprise the top scorer was pacer John Snow who scored 73 - this 73 remains Snow's career best test score. England had managed to fightback with first innings total of 304. Apart from the wicket of Boycott taken by Abid Ali, the remaining wickets had fell to the 3 spinners (Bedi -4, Chandra - 3, Venkat - 2). In the Indian first innings, Ashok Mankad and Sunny were dismissed very cheaply. Wadekar scored a wonderful 85, which was the best innnings for India in this test.He was well supported by Vishy (68), Engineer (28) and Solkar (67). India had taken first innings lead of 9 runs haveing replied with score of 314. England's struggle against spin was worse in second innings. Indian spinners took 9 wickets (Venkat - 4, Chandra - 2 and Bedi - 2) in this innings as well to dismiss them for 191. India had to score 183 to win. Ashok Mankad, the opener, edged one to Knott off Snow's bowling. Wadekar was dismissed early as well as India were 21/2. Sunny top scored in this innings with a well made 53. In his partnership with Farokh Engineer, John Snow the wel built bowler had pushed Sunny while runnung even though Sunny was not stopping Snow from being in path of the ball. Sunny fell down. This incident was taken badly and England management dropped John Snow from the second test for this unacceptable behavior on field. Though Snow apologized to Sunny, England think tank sacked him for next test. Farokh had counter attacked scoring 35 of 40 balls. Vishy, Sardesai ,Solkar, Abid Ali and Venkat were dismissed cheaply. The rain meanwhile had interfered as India needed to score 38 with two wickets left. The match was interstingly poised with Solkar still there who used to score fighting 50's as we have seen previously. However, there was no play post tea on the final day and the match ended in a draw. 2nd Test: Aug 5-10, 1971 England v India at Manchester - Draw Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17255/scorecard/63077/england-vs-india-2nd-test-india-tour-of-england-1971 England won the toss and opted to bat. England Playing 11: Ray Illingworth (c), John Edrich, John Price, Norman Gifford, Basil D Oliveira, Alan Knott (wk), Keith Fletcher, Brian Luckhurst, Peter Lever, Richard Hutton, John Jameson India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Farokh Engineer (wk), Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, Dilip Sardesai Wadekar lost the toss...yet again. Illingworth opted to bat first. For England, Boycott and Amiss were replaced by Jameson and Keith Fletcher. Snow was sacked as disciplinary measure of pushing Sunny. Petr Lever the home bowler at this ground replaced Snow. India retained all players who played in first test. Abid Ali bowled a maginificent first spell claiming three wickets in two overs, reducing England to 25/3. He followed this with another wicket of Basil D'Oliveira and England were reeling at 41/4. The partnership between opener Luckhurst and keeper Knott took England to 116/5 as Venkat claimed the wicket of Knott. Raymond Illingworth made 107 and Luckhurst did his part with a well made 78 when Indian bowlers were well on top as wicktes tumbled at other end. Umpiring decisions came under scanner though in Illingworth's knock. Home player and a captain. Like Snow did in previous test, here Lever scored 88 not out which is his career best score in test cricket.England were steered safe to 386 after the top order collapse courtesy good knocks by Luckhurst, Illingworth and Lever. Abid Ali was pick of the bolwers with 4 wickets in his devastating first spell. if onyl spinners had supported him in this test and made advantage of the collapse he had triggered. India lost Ashok Mankad early. Sunny though as usual put a price on his wicket and scored 57. These were testing conditions with rain falling before the start of the day with pace and swing on offer. Apart from Sunny, only Eknath Solkar managed to score a 50. Sunny had showed his class yet again when the conditions favored pacers overseas hugely. Lever on his home ground had taken 5/70 as India scored 212. Pace wise Price was faster though than Peter Lever. Apart from Sunny and Solkar, nobody stood up. England had a massive lead of 174 runs. Luckhurst continued his fine form with a 101. Edrich supported with 59 and Illingworth scored a 16 ball 23 as England declared on 245/3. India were set a daunting target of 420 runs. India were 65/3 at Stumps on Day 4. There was no play on Day 5 and rain had saved this test for India. 3rd Test: Aug 19-24, 1971 England v India at The Oval - India won by 4 wickets Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17255/scorecard/63078/england-vs-india-3rd-test-india-tour-of-england-1971 Rain had interferred in both previous tests: Test 1: No play happened on Day 5 post tea as India needed 38 runs to win with two wickets left. Both teams could have won this. Test 2: All of Day 5 was washed out due to rain with India needing to score 355 runs more and 7 wickets left. England were favorites given the conditions, the bowlers who could exploit the overcast conditions and number of runs required. England won the toss and opted to bat England Playing 11: Ray Illingworth (c), John Edrich, John Price, John Snow, Basil D Oliveira, Derek Underwood, Alan Knott (wk), Keith Fletcher, Brian Luckhurst, Richard Hutton, John Jameson. India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Farokh Engineer (wk), Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, Dilip Sardesai. Illingworth had won three tosses in row. Wadekar as more often than not had lost yet another toss. Illingworth opted to bat first. Snow replaced Peter Lever who was outstanding in second test with a 5/70. Dered Underwood replaced spinner Gifford. India played same team for third time in this series. Abid Ali and Solkar opened the bowling innings. It was Solkar though, this time, who picked the early wicket of in-form Luckhurst for just 1 run in his very first over. Jameson and Edrich scored a partnership of 106 runs - England being 112/2 when Edrich was dismissed. Jameson was run out for 82. Few wickets fell in frequent intervals as England score stood at 175/6. Knott (90) and Hutton (81) heped England recover the innings to respectable 355. Solakr had grabbed 3 wickets and Chandra, Bedi, Venkat with 2 each. 1 (Jameson) was run-out. There was no play on Day 2 due to rain. Price and Snow claimed one wicket each as both Indian openers were out chepaly. India were 21/2. Sardesai made a fighting 54 as Wadekar accompanied him with 48 runs, Vishy was out for a duck. Solkar yet again chipped in with handy 44 while Engineer was highest scorer for India in this innings with a score of 59. Abid Ali and Venkat too made handy contributions. India were all out for 284, giving England a lead of 71 runs. The twist was about to happen. Chandra took 6/38 in 18.1 overs. I have this as my choice of best bowling ever by Chandra. English conditions, decider test, team totally struggling with a massive lead only for a spinner to wreck havoc. The top score for England was 33 by opener Luckhurst who too was dismissed by Chandra.Venkat supported Chandra with 2/44. England were all out for 101 giving India a target of 173. All looked good until, Sunny was LBW to Snow for a duck and Ashok Mankad out for 11. 37/2. India were 95/2 at stumps of Day 4. Next day Wadekar continued and played captains innings top scoring with 45. Sardesai was second best run scorer with 40 and Vishy third best with 33. At lunch India needed 25 to win with Vishy and Engineer at crease. With 4 runs required, a very part time bowler (probably even lesser than that if there is any) had Vishy caught by Knott. His only test wicket ever and he picked a very good batsman. Meanwhile Engineer had chipped in with 28 till then and remained not out with Abid Ali hitting the winning boundar remaining not out on 4. The clippings of crowd lifting both batsmen were awesome. First ever victory for India over England in England. India had won three overseas test series in about 3 years. NZ (1968), WI (1971), England (1971). (F) Career impacts: (1)John Jameson was dropped post this series and he played only one test later after couple of years in 1974. He played only one test though. (2)Richard Hutton was never picked again and this series ended his test career. (G) Notable events: (1) India's first test win in England as well as first test series win in England. (2) FC matches: Played 16, Won 6, Lost 1, Drawn 9. (3) Tests: Played 3, Won 1, Drawn 2. (4) Bedi, Chandra and Venkat played all 3 tests. Out of 53 English wickets that fell in the series, the spin trio claimed 37 wickets. Medium pace of Solkar and Abid Ali took 11 wickets. 5 wickets were effected by run-outs. (5) Wadekar top scored for India with 204 runs in series to end up as third highest run scorer of this series from both teams. (6) Chandra's spell won the test for India at Oval. (7) A huge crowd attended while the team travelled from Mumbai Airport to CCI to congratulate team for winning two overseas back to back test series (West Indies & England) (8) Standing concrete bat structure was raised in Indore to appreciate the two successive overseas test wins. Names of all cricketers in squad written with autograph of Ajit Wadekar on top. Irony was that after the loss later this structure in Indore was damaged by fans.
  3. Tour Schedule: Tour Matches / Warm up Schedule 1st Tour Match - 4 Days (Draw) 5 February, 1971 - 8 February, 1971 India v Jamaica - Sabina Park, Kingston,Jamaica 2nd Tour Match - 4 Days (Draw) 11 February, 1971 - 14 February, 1971 India v West Indies Board Presidents 11 - Jarrett Park, Montego Bay, Jamaica 3rd Tour Match - 3 Days (India won by 9 wickets) 25 February, 1971 - 28 February, 1971 India v Leeward Island Warner Park, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis 4th Tour Match - 4 Days (Draw) 1 March, 1971 - 4 March, 1971 India v Trinidad and Tobago- Guaracara Park, Pointe-à-Pierre, Trinidad 5th Tour Match - 4 Days (Barbados won by 9 wickets) 27 March, 1971 - 30 March, 1971 India v Barbados - Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 6th Tour Match - 3 Days (Draw) 8 April, 1971 - 10 April, 1971 India v Windward Islands - Botanical Gardens, Roseau, Dominica Test Series Schedule: Feb 18, 1971 - Feb 23, 1971 (Draw) 1st Test West Indies v India - Sabina Park, Kingston,Jamaica 2nd Test - (India won by 7 wickets) March 6, 1971 - March 10, 1971 West Indies v India - Queen's Park Oval, Port of Span, Trinidad 3rd Test - (Draw) March 19, 1971 to March 24, 1971 West Indies v India - Bourda, Georgetown, Guyana 4th Test - (Draw) April 1, 1971 to April 6, 1971 West Indies v India - Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 5th Test - (Draw) April 13, 1971 to April 19, 1971 West Indies v India - Queen's Park Oval, Port of Span, Trinidad Squads: India Squad: Ajit Wadekar (Captain), Abid Ali, Jayantilal, Dilip Sardesai, Ashok Mankad, ML Jaisimha, P Krishnamurti, Eknath Solkar, Prasanna,Bedi,S Venkataraghavan,Salim Durani, Gundappa Vishwanath, Sunil Gavaskar, Rusi Jeejeebhoy, Govindraj. West Indies Squad: Gary Sobers (Captain), Rohan Kanhai, Fredrick, Lloyd, Charlie Davis, Foster, Desmond Lewis, Holford, Lance Gibbs, Carew, Boyce, Camacho, Shillingford, Noregia, Frindlay, Inshan Ali, Dowe, Barrett, Vanburn Holder, Shepherd Tour matches / warmup - 6 (4 Four Day matches, 2 Two Day matches) Selections: Vijay Merchant was the chairman of selectors. India had won first ever Test match win overseas against New Zealand in 1968 under Pataudi, however, in 1969, Indian lost the 5-match series 3-1 in India against Australia under Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi's captaincy. Pataudi was dropped. Rusi Surti and Engineer were dropped as they did not take part in prior Ranji Trophy. Debut Test series for: India Debutants - Sunil Gavaskar, K. Jayantilal and P. Krishnamurthy Only Salim Durani, Jaisimha, Prasanna and Dilip Sardesai had toured WI before in 1962. West Indies Debutants - Arthur Barrett, Jack Noreiga, Keith Boyce, Desmond Lewis, Ishan Ali and Uton Dowe. Gavaskar had a great run against Poona University which earned him a test selection. He cracked 327, 226, 124 and 99 runs in 4 innings. Vishwanath was not an established player. Sunny was making debut. Jaisimha was senior and India had spin trio. Prasanna (Off spin), Bedi (worlds best ever SLA), Chandrasekhar (Leg spin) and Venkataraghavan (Off spin) were the best spin quartet in history of cricket. Chandra was dropped for this series. They played together only in 1 match though, under captaincy of Pataudi in 1967 on India's tour of England. The team used to mostly select only one of Prasanna and Venkat as both were off-spinners. The test match were scheduled for 6 days with one day being used as rest. This was the first overseas test series i followed. Overseas matches were not shown live. Some of the footage used to be reported in news channels for 10 minutes at end of the news show. The scorecards were not available in next morning as print media and news network was not advanced as much as it is today. Air broadcast was the only option. During those years one could carry the transistor to college and listen to commentary of the matches. The Bad records prior to this magnificent tour: (1)India had won only 15 of 116 matches overall. (2)India had won only 3 of the 45 overseas matches. All those 3 wins coming in 1968 in a series wherein India won 4 test series 3-1. New Zealand and India where the punching bags of those times. (3) More relevant was that India had lost 5-0 on tour to West Indies in 1962 under captaincy of Nari Contractor and Pataudi. Test 1: Draw 5 February, 1971 - 8 February, 1971 Rest Day - 21 February Sabina Park, Kingston,Jamaica West Indies Playing 11: Roy Frederick, Vanburn Holder, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Joey Carew, Steve Camacho, Mike Findlay (wk), Grayson Shillingford, Arthur Barrett, Jack Noreiga India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Ajit Wadekar (c), Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Motganhalli Jaisimha, Salim Durani, Dilip Sardesai, Erapalli Prasanna, Kenia Jayantilal Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63066/west-indies-vs-india-1st-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 Sunny was supposed to debut in this series, however due to finger infection he did not debut in this test. Vishy also missed this test due to knee injury. Indian side was better than the West Indies side but not by a considerable margin. West Indies bowling was on a decline from 1968 to 1974. West Indies, in the 1971 series against India, had the opening pace attack of Shillingford and Vanburn Holder who were not good. Arthur Barrett and Noreiga were below par in spin department. India opened with Abid Ali who was gentle pace. He would take the shine of the ball to let the best spin trio ever to show their magic. Eknath Solkar was a handy lower order bat who has got into partnerships with specialist batsmen to bring respect to our totals. He could also bowl left arm spin as well as gentle pace. Venkat, Bedi and Prasanna were the best spin attack the game of cricket has ever seen. Pace bowling wise, even though West Indies did not have good bowlers, they were better in comparison. On the spin quartet, the Indian spin attack of those times is still the best in entire cricketing history. The entire Day 1 was washed out due to rain and the ground drying facilities were not advanced these days. Toss was done on Day 2. Sobers won toss and opted to bowl first as it had rained. India were reduced to 75/5. Dilip Sardesai and Eknath Solkar's 137 runs partnership took India to 212/6. The other important partnership was of 122 runs between Prasanna and Dilip Sardesai for the 9th wicket which took India to 382/9. Sardesai had played a brilliant innings of 212 runs. India after the top order collapse had managed to put up a respectable 387 due to two wonderful partnerships West Indies were bowled out for 217 with Indian spinners picking 9 wickets and 1 wicket being due to run-out. As it was going to be 4 days test due to rain washing entire Day 1, the follow-on target got reduced to 150 and Wadekar enforced follow-on. Kanhai scored a brilaint 158 not out, Sobers contributed 93 and Lloyd made 57 to draw the test. The fact that India enforced a follow-on was a significant achievement in first test of overseas tour that too against West Indies of those times. Test 2: India won by 7 wickets. March 6, 1971 - March 10, 1971 Rest Day - 8th March Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad West Indies Playing 11: Roy Frederick, Vanburn Holder, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Steve Camacho, Charlie Davis, Mike Findlay (wk), Grayson Shillingford, Arthur Barrett, Jack Noreiga Sobers won the toss and opted to bat first. WI replaced Joey Carew with Charlie Davies. This was also an home ground for Charlie Davis. India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Salim Durani, Dilip Sardesai, Erapalli Prasanna Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63067/west-indies-vs-india-2nd-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 India played the same team. Until this test, India had not won even a single match against WI out of total 24 and lost 12. Abid Ali struck first ball as he bowled Fredrick. India continued to pick wickets frequently thereby reducing WI to 132/6. WI were eventually bowled out for 214. Charlie Davis who had replaced Carew scored a fine unbeaten 71. Ashok Mankad and Sunny saw off the tricky few hours before close of play on Day 1. Sunny made 65 in his test debut innings. Dilip Sardesai carried his brilliant form by scoring 112. Solkar , yet again chipped in with a handy knock of 55. Jack Noreiga the off-spinner picked 9/95 as India posted 325 with a good lead of 138 runs. Fredrick and Kanhai opened the innings. Kanhai was dismissed on 27. Fredrick and Davis ensured WI had erased the lead. Davis was injured during nets and batted later on next day/ Next day Fredrick was run out which created a controversy regarding the dismissal. Ralph Gosein was umpire for 3 tests out of 5 in this series and there were unhappiness over some of his decisions. The key one being Fredrick being given run out on a throw by Jayantilal from the deep. Probably the best thing Jayantilal ever did on a cricket field. This run out of Fredrick who had scored 80, changed the match into India's favor and the dismissal was then talked about a lot. Wadekar showed a brilliant piece of captaincy. Sobers used have issues against left arm bowlers. Wadekar immediately asked Salim Durani the left arm medium pacer who dismissed Sobers for a duck. West Indies were in deep trouble. The great Indian spinners make Camacho look clueless and they ended Camacho's international cricket career. West Indies were all out for 261. India needed 124 runs to win which were score don the 4th day itself. Sunny had scored 2 half centuries in both innings of his debut test. This was an historic win and first one against WI in 23 years. 3rd Test - (Draw) March 19, 1971 to March 24, 1971 Rest Day - 22 March Bourda, Georgetown, Guyana West Indies Playing 11: Keith Boyce, Roy Fredericks, Lance Gibbs, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Joey Carew, Charlie Davis, Grayson Shillingford, Jack Noreiga, Desmond Lewis (wk) India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Salim Durani, Dilip Sardesai Vishy had recovered and he made the playing 11 replacing Prasanna as spin attack was comprised of Bedi and Venkat. Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63068/west-indies-vs-india-3rd-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 WI replaced leg spin of Arthur Barrett with off spinner Lance Gibbs who was West Indies best spinner ever. Carew also made playing 11. Mike Frindlay the keeper was replaced by Desmond Lewis and Camacho was replaced by Keith Boyce. Frindlay the keeper was anyways a bad batsman. Vanburb Holder was dropped. India played the same team as in 2nd Test. Sobers yet again won the toss and opted to bat first. Carew and Fredrick posted a decent opening stand if 78. Middle order batsmen Lloyd and Desmond Lewis scored 50's to take the WI first innings to 363. Sobers and Lloyd's collision while taking run helped India make a crucial breakthrough with Lloyd's wicket. Yet again Indian spinners had to take most of the wickets as was a case in those times. Mumbai openers Ashok Mankad and Sunny gave opening partnership of 72 runs against attack of Shillingford and Boyce. Sunny went on to convert his start into a good knock of 112 runs thereby scoring his first test ton. India scored 376 to take a first innings lead of 13 runs. WI retaliated strongly in second innings declaring on 307/3 as Davis and Sobers both scored unbeaten tons. Ashok Mankad and Sunny scored unbeaten 50's to take India to 123 without loss of wicket. The result was a draw and India lead 1-0 with two tests to be played. 4th Test - (Draw) April 1, 1971 to April 6, 1971 Rest Day - 5 April West Indies v India - Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados West Indies Playing 11: Maurice Foster, Roy Fredericks, Vanburn Holder, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Charlie Davis, John Shepherd, Desmond Lewis (wk), Inshan Ali, Uton Dowe Out - Carew, Sillingford, Boyce, Lance Gibbs, Noreiga In - Fosters, Holder, Shepherd, Inshan Ali, Uton Dowe India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Motganhalli Jaisimha, Dilip Sardesai Salim Durani was replaced by Jaisimha Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63069/west-indies-vs-india-4th-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 Finally Wadekar won the toss and elected to field. Abid Ali once again in the series dismissed Fredrick early. The 166 runs partnership between Lewis and Kanhai steadied the top order for WI. Sobers was unbeaten on 178 as he declared the innings on 501/5. Bedi and Venkat had failed to impress in this match. India struggled at 70/6. Solkar (65) yet again contributed with a fighting knock. Dilip Sardesai continued his fine form scoring a well made 150. They both helped avoid the follow-on. India were relatively well placed at 347 after the collapse. WI attacked as they already had a lead, scoring 180/6 in 43 overs and declared. India were set a target of 335 runs and little less than a days play to survive. Sunny scored 117 not out while Jaisimha, Mankad and Sardesai did their bit in drawing the test as India were 221/5 at the end of the day. Mankad with wrist injury did put a valiant stay for a good time. 5th Test - (Draw) April 13, 1971 to April 19, 1971 Rest Day - 16 April Queen's Park Oval, Port of Span, Trinidad With a lead of 1-0, India could not lose the series going into the final test. West Indies Playing 11: Maurice Foster, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Joey Carew, David Holford, Charlie Davis, John Shepherd, Jack Noreiga, Desmond Lewis (wk), Uton Dowe India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Motganhalli Jaisimha, Dilip Sardesai, Erapalli Prasanna Injured Ashok Mankad was out. Prasanna made it to the playing 11. Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63070/west-indies-vs-india-5th-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 Wadekar after winning the toss opted to bat first. Run machines of this series,Sunny and Sardesai, scored 124 and 75 respectively. Venkat contributed with 51, his highest of the test career till that point of time. India scored 360 all out batting more than a day. It was in this WI innings when Sobers was controversially given not out as Bedi took a return catch of his bowling. Sobers then went on to score 132. Davis made 105. WI scored a mammoth 526 taking a lead of 166 runs. In India's batting innings, Abid Ali was dismissed early. Sunny and Wadekar put on a fighting 148 runs partnership. Sardesai and Sunny then erased of the remaining lead. All the remaining batsmen chipped on with some runs while Gavaskar scored a magnificent 220. India were all out for 427 runs leaving WI a target of 262 runs. It was in this test that Sunny achieved the record of scoring a ton and a double in same test. WI in attempt to chase scored 165/8 and survived another loss. India had won a historic series by a margin of 1-0 The Positives: (1) The best win ever in Indian cricketing history given the various contexts imo. This was India's first overseas win against West Indies in the Lions den who used to thrash India and other teams for fun. This to me is the best test series victory i have watched in my lifetime from the many brilliant overseas test victories that i have seen. (2) Golden years with respect to overseas test wins The team carried this confidence in next test series to beat England in England (1972) by margin of 1-0 in 3 test series. The momentum was with Team India. There were now 3 overseas test series wins in matter of few years. For a team which was a punching bag, three overseas test series wins in 4 years was a magnificent achievement. a. India won the 4 match test series 3-1 in NZ in 1967/68 b. India won the 5 match test series 1-0 in WI in 1971 c. India won the 3 match test series 1-0 in England in 1972 India had started winning oversees tour after tasting first overseas win in 1967/68. (3) "Sunny", the batting legend announced his capabilities Then 21 years old, Sunil Gavaskar, one of the best test batsman ever, rose to the occasion scoring 774 runs in debut series in just 4 tests, with 220 as his highest in debut series and averaging 154.80. This still remains the best series score ever by an Indian batsman in history of cricket. To have such a series in debut tour was simply signs of greatness, which over a period of time was actually witnessed as Sunny established himself as one of the best test batsman ever. The next highest run scorer was Dilip Sardesai with 642 runs (132 less runs). Sunny record in debut series is still intact. Now batsmen cannot even score 774 in 4 tests in spite of many tests being played against minnows. It is doubtful if any Indian batsman will ever break that record. The record is safe as we see Sehwag, Sachin, Laxman and Dravid's career is over. Kohli too is finding it tough to surpass it. Sunny tops in 2 of the three best series scores ever by Indian batsmen: (1) 774 in 8 innings against WI in WI in 1971 - Sunny. (2) 732 in 9 innings against WI in India in 1978/79 - Sunny. (3) 692 in 8 innings against Australia in Australia in 2014 /15 - Kohli. Reference: http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/62312.html?view=records Hope this flashback rekindles the winning euphoria, especially to those who have listened to the commentary on their transistors and watched the highlights / clippings on new the next day. Thank you.
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Tour Schedule: Tour Matches / Warm up Schedule 1st Tour Match - 4 Days (Draw) 5 February, 1971 - 8 February, 1971 India v Jamaica - Sabina Park, Kingston,Jamaica 2nd Tour Match - 4 Days (Draw) 11 February, 1971 - 14 February, 1971 India v West Indies Board Presidents 11 - Jarrett Park, Montego Bay, Jamaica 3rd Tour Match - 3 Days (India won by 9 wickets) 25 February, 1971 - 28 February, 1971 India v Leeward Island Warner Park, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis 4th Tour Match - 4 Days (Draw) 1 March, 1971 - 4 March, 1971 India v Trinidad and Tobago- Guaracara Park, Pointe-à-Pierre, Trinidad 5th Tour Match - 4 Days (Barbados won by 9 wickets) 27 March, 1971 - 30 March, 1971 India v Barbados - Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 6th Tour Match - 3 Days (Draw) 8 April, 1971 - 10 April, 1971 India v Windward Islands - Botanical Gardens, Roseau, Dominica Test Series Schedule: Feb 18, 1971 - Feb 23, 1971 (Draw) 1st Test West Indies v India - Sabina Park, Kingston,Jamaica 2nd Test - (India won by 7 wickets) March 6, 1971 - March 10, 1971 West Indies v India - Queen's Park Oval, Port of Span, Trinidad 3rd Test - (Draw) March 19, 1971 to March 24, 1971 West Indies v India - Bourda, Georgetown, Guyana 4th Test - (Draw) April 1, 1971 to April 6, 1971 West Indies v India - Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 5th Test - (Draw) April 13, 1971 to April 19, 1971 West Indies v India - Queen's Park Oval, Port of Span, Trinidad Squads: India Squad: Ajit Wadekar (Captain), Abid Ali, Jayantilal, Dilip Sardesai, Ashok Mankad, ML Jaisimha, P Krishnamurti, Eknath Solkar, Prasanna,Bedi,S Venkataraghavan,Salim Durani, Gundappa Vishwanath, Sunil Gavaskar, Rusi Jeejeebhoy, Govindraj. West Indies Squad: Gary Sobers (Captain), Rohan Kanhai, Fredrick, Lloyd, Charlie Davis, Foster, Desmond Lewis, Holford, Lance Gibbs, Carew, Boyce, Camacho, Shillingford, Noregia, Frindlay, Inshan Ali, Dowe, Barrett, Vanburn Holder, Shepherd Tour matches / warmup - 6 (4 Four Day matches, 2 Two Day matches) Selections: Vijay Merchant was the chairman of selectors. India had won first ever Test match win overseas against New Zealand in 1968 under Pataudi, however, in 1969, Indian lost the 5-match series 3-1 in India against Australia under Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi's captaincy. Pataudi was dropped. Rusi Surti and Engineer were dropped as they did not take part in prior Ranji Trophy. Debut Test series for: India Debutants - Sunil Gavaskar, K. Jayantilal and P. Krishnamurthy Only Salim Durani, Jaisimha, Prasanna and Dilip Sardesai had toured WI before in 1962. West Indies Debutants - Arthur Barrett, Jack Noreiga, Keith Boyce, Desmond Lewis, Ishan Ali and Uton Dowe. Gavaskar had a great run against Poona University which earned him a test selection. He cracked 327, 226, 124 and 99 runs in 4 innings. Vishwanath was not an established player. Sunny was making debut. Jaisimha was senior and India had spin trio. Prasanna (Off spin), Bedi (worlds best ever SLA), Chandrasekhar (Leg spin) and Venkataraghavan (Off spin) were the best spin quartet in history of cricket. Chandra was dropped for this series. They played together only in 1 match though, under captaincy of Pataudi in 1967 on India's tour of England. The team used to mostly select only one of Prasanna and Venkat as both were off-spinners. The test match were scheduled for 6 days with one day being used as rest. This was the first overseas test series i followed. Overseas matches were not shown live. Some of the footage used to be reported in news channels for 10 minutes at end of the news show. The scorecards were not available in next morning as print media and news network was not advanced as much as it is today. Air broadcast was the only option. During those years one could carry the transistor to college and listen to commentary of the matches. The Bad records prior to this magnificent tour: (1)India had won only 15 of 116 matches overall. (2)India had won only 3 of the 45 overseas matches. All those 3 wins coming in 1968 in a series wherein India won 4 test series 3-1. New Zealand and India where the punching bags of those times. (3) More relevant was that India had lost 5-0 on tour to West Indies in 1962 under captaincy of Nari Contractor and Pataudi. Test 1: Draw 5 February, 1971 - 8 February, 1971 Rest Day - 21 February Sabina Park, Kingston,Jamaica West Indies Playing 11: Roy Frederick, Vanburn Holder, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Joey Carew, Steve Camacho, Mike Findlay (wk), Grayson Shillingford, Arthur Barrett, Jack Noreiga India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Ajit Wadekar (c), Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Motganhalli Jaisimha, Salim Durani, Dilip Sardesai, Erapalli Prasanna, Kenia Jayantilal Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63066/west-indies-vs-india-1st-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 Sunny was supposed to debut in this series, however due to finger infection he did not debut in this test. Vishy also missed this test due to knee injury. Indian side was better than the West Indies side but not by a considerable margin. West Indies bowling was on a decline from 1968 to 1974. West Indies, in the 1971 series against India, had the opening pace attack of Shillingford and Vanburn Holder who were not good. Arthur Barrett and Noreiga were below par in spin department. India opened with Abid Ali who was gentle pace. He would take the shine of the ball to let the best spin trio ever to show their magic. Eknath Solkar was a handy lower order bat who has got into partnerships with specialist batsmen to bring respect to our totals. He could also bowl left arm spin as well as gentle pace. Venkat, Bedi and Prasanna were the best spin attack the game of cricket has ever seen. Pace bowling wise, even though West Indies did not have good bowlers, they were better in comparison. On the spin quartet, the Indian spin attack of those times is still the best in entire cricketing history. The entire Day 1 was washed out due to rain and the ground drying facilities were not advanced these days. Toss was done on Day 2. Sobers won toss and opted to bowl first as it had rained. India were reduced to 75/5. Dilip Sardesai and Eknath Solkar's 137 runs partnership took India to 212/6. The other important partnership was of 122 runs between Prasanna and Dilip Sardesai for the 9th wicket which took India to 382/9. Sardesai had played a brilliant innings of 212 runs. India after the top order collapse had managed to put up a respectable 387 due to two wonderful partnerships West Indies were bowled out for 217 with Indian spinners picking 9 wickets and 1 wicket being due to run-out. As it was going to be 4 days test due to rain washing entire Day 1, the follow-on target got reduced to 150 and Wadekar enforced follow-on. Kanhai scored a brilaint 158 not out, Sobers contributed 93 and Lloyd made 57 to draw the test. The fact that India enforced a follow-on was a significant achievement in first test of overseas tour that too against West Indies of those times. Test 2: India won by 7 wickets. March 6, 1971 - March 10, 1971 Rest Day - 8th March Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad West Indies Playing 11: Roy Frederick, Vanburn Holder, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Steve Camacho, Charlie Davis, Mike Findlay (wk), Grayson Shillingford, Arthur Barrett, Jack Noreiga Sobers won the toss and opted to bat first. WI replaced Joey Carew with Charlie Davies. This was also an home ground for Charlie Davis. India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Salim Durani, Dilip Sardesai, Erapalli Prasanna Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63067/west-indies-vs-india-2nd-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 India played the same team. Until this test, India had not won even a single match against WI out of total 24 and lost 12. Abid Ali struck first ball as he bowled Fredrick. India continued to pick wickets frequently thereby reducing WI to 132/6. WI were eventually bowled out for 214. Charlie Davis who had replaced Carew scored a fine unbeaten 71. Ashok Mankad and Sunny saw off the tricky few hours before close of play on Day 1. Sunny made 65 in his test debut innings. Dilip Sardesai carried his brilliant form by scoring 112. Solkar , yet again chipped in with a handy knock of 55. Jack Noreiga the off-spinner picked 9/95 as India posted 325 with a good lead of 138 runs. Fredrick and Kanhai opened the innings. Kanhai was dismissed on 27. Fredrick and Davis ensured WI had erased the lead. Davis was injured during nets and batted later on next day/ Next day Fredrick was run out which created a controversy regarding the dismissal. Ralph Gosein was umpire for 3 tests out of 5 in this series and there were unhappiness over some of his decisions. The key one being Fredrick being given run out on a throw by Jayantilal from the deep. Probably the best thing Jayantilal ever did on a cricket field. This run out of Fredrick who had scored 80, changed the match into India's favor and the dismissal was then talked about a lot. Wadekar showed a brilliant piece of captaincy. Sobers used have issues against left arm bowlers. Wadekar immediately asked Salim Durani the left arm medium pacer who dismissed Sobers for a duck. West Indies were in deep trouble. The great Indian spinners make Camacho look clueless and they ended Camacho's international cricket career. West Indies were all out for 261. India needed 124 runs to win which were score don the 4th day itself. Sunny had scored 2 half centuries in both innings of his debut test. This was an historic win and first one against WI in 23 years. 3rd Test - (Draw) March 19, 1971 to March 24, 1971 Rest Day - 22 March Bourda, Georgetown, Guyana West Indies Playing 11: Keith Boyce, Roy Fredericks, Lance Gibbs, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Joey Carew, Charlie Davis, Grayson Shillingford, Jack Noreiga, Desmond Lewis (wk) India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Salim Durani, Dilip Sardesai Vishy had recovered and he made the playing 11 replacing Prasanna as spin attack was comprised of Bedi and Venkat. Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63068/west-indies-vs-india-3rd-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 WI replaced leg spin of Arthur Barrett with off spinner Lance Gibbs who was West Indies best spinner ever. Carew also made playing 11. Mike Frindlay the keeper was replaced by Desmond Lewis and Camacho was replaced by Keith Boyce. Frindlay the keeper was anyways a bad batsman. Vanburb Holder was dropped. India played the same team as in 2nd Test. Sobers yet again won the toss and opted to bat first. Carew and Fredrick posted a decent opening stand if 78. Middle order batsmen Lloyd and Desmond Lewis scored 50's to take the WI first innings to 363. Sobers and Lloyd's collision while taking run helped India make a crucial breakthrough with Lloyd's wicket. Yet again Indian spinners had to take most of the wickets as was a case in those times. Mumbai openers Ashok Mankad and Sunny gave opening partnership of 72 runs against attack of Shillingford and Boyce. Sunny went on to convert his start into a good knock of 112 runs thereby scoring his first test ton. India scored 376 to take a first innings lead of 13 runs. WI retaliated strongly in second innings declaring on 307/3 as Davis and Sobers both scored unbeaten tons. Ashok Mankad and Sunny scored unbeaten 50's to take India to 123 without loss of wicket. The result was a draw and India lead 1-0 with two tests to be played. 4th Test - (Draw) April 1, 1971 to April 6, 1971 Rest Day - 5 April West Indies v India - Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados West Indies Playing 11: Maurice Foster, Roy Fredericks, Vanburn Holder, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Charlie Davis, John Shepherd, Desmond Lewis (wk), Inshan Ali, Uton Dowe Out - Carew, Sillingford, Boyce, Lance Gibbs, Noreiga In - Fosters, Holder, Shepherd, Inshan Ali, Uton Dowe India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Ashok Mankad, Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Motganhalli Jaisimha, Dilip Sardesai Salim Durani was replaced by Jaisimha Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63069/west-indies-vs-india-4th-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 Finally Wadekar won the toss and elected to field. Abid Ali once again in the series dismissed Fredrick early. The 166 runs partnership between Lewis and Kanhai steadied the top order for WI. Sobers was unbeaten on 178 as he declared the innings on 501/5. Bedi and Venkat had failed to impress in this match. India struggled at 70/6. Solkar (65) yet again contributed with a fighting knock. Dilip Sardesai continued his fine form scoring a well made 150. They both helped avoid the follow-on. India were relatively well placed at 347 after the collapse. WI attacked as they already had a lead, scoring 180/6 in 43 overs and declared. India were set a target of 335 runs and little less than a days play to survive. Sunny scored 117 not out while Jaisimha, Mankad and Sardesai did their bit in drawing the test as India were 221/5 at the end of the day. Mankad with wrist injury did put a valiant stay for a good time. 5th Test - (Draw) April 13, 1971 to April 19, 1971 Rest Day - 16 April Queen's Park Oval, Port of Span, Trinidad With a lead of 1-0, India could not lose the series going into the final test. West Indies Playing 11: Maurice Foster, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Sir Garry Sobers (c), Joey Carew, David Holford, Charlie Davis, John Shepherd, Jack Noreiga, Desmond Lewis (wk), Uton Dowe India Playing 11: Syed Abid Ali, Bishan Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Eknath Solkar, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Gundappa Viswanath, Ajit Wadekar (c), Pochiah Krishnamurthy (wk), Motganhalli Jaisimha, Dilip Sardesai, Erapalli Prasanna Injured Ashok Mankad was out. Prasanna made it to the playing 11. Scorecard: http://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17261/scorecard/63070/west-indies-vs-india-5th-test-india-tour-of-west-indies-1970-71 Wadekar after winning the toss opted to bat first. Run machines of this series,Sunny and Sardesai, scored 124 and 75 respectively. Venkat contributed with 51, his highest of the test career till that point of time. India scored 360 all out batting more than a day. It was in this WI innings when Sobers was controversially given not out as Bedi took a return catch of his bowling. Sobers then went on to score 132. Davis made 105. WI scored a mammoth 526 taking a lead of 166 runs. In India's batting innings, Abid Ali was dismissed early. Sunny and Wadekar put on a fighting 148 runs partnership. Sardesai and Sunny then erased of the remaining lead. All the remaining batsmen chipped on with some runs while Gavaskar scored a magnificent 220. India were all out for 427 runs leaving WI a target of 262 runs. It was in this test that Sunny achieved the record of scoring a ton and a double in same test. WI in attempt to chase scored 165/8 and survived another loss. India had won a historic series by a margin of 1-0 The Positives: (1) The best win ever in Indian cricketing history given the various contexts imo. This was India's first overseas win against West Indies in the Lions den who used to thrash India and other teams for fun. This to me is the best test series victory i have watched in my lifetime from the many brilliant overseas test victories that i have seen. (2) Golden years with respect to overseas test wins The team carried this confidence in next test series to beat England in England (1972) by margin of 1-0 in 3 test series. The momentum was with Team India. There were now 3 overseas test series wins in matter of few years. For a team which was a punching bag, three overseas test series wins in 4 years was a magnificent achievement. a. India won the 4 match test series 3-1 in NZ in 1967/68 b. India won the 5 match test series 1-0 in WI in 1971 c. India won the 3 match test series 1-0 in England in 1972 India had started winning oversees tour after tasting first overseas win in 1967/68. (3) "Sunny", the batting legend announced his capabilities Then 21 years old, Sunil Gavaskar, one of the best test batsman ever, rose to the occasion scoring 774 runs in debut series in just 4 tests, with 220 as his highest in debut series and averaging 154.80. This still remains the best series score ever by an Indian batsman in history of cricket. To have such a series in debut tour was simply signs of greatness, which over a period of time was actually witnessed as Sunny established himself as one of the best test batsman ever. The next highest run scorer was Dilip Sardesai with 642 runs (132 less runs). Sunny record in debut series is still intact. Now batsmen cannot even score 774 in 4 tests in spite of many tests being played against minnows. It is doubtful if any Indian batsman will ever break that record. The record is safe as we see Sehwag, Sachin, Laxman and Dravid's career is over. Kohli too is finding it tough to surpass it. Sunny tops in 2 of the three best series scores ever by Indian batsmen: (1) 774 in 8 innings against WI in WI in 1971 - Sunny. (2) 732 in 9 innings against WI in India in 1978/79 - Sunny. (3) 692 in 8 innings against Australia in Australia in 2014 /15 - Kohli. Reference: http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/62312.html?view=records Hope this flashback rekindles the winning euphoria, especially to those who have listened to the commentary on their transistors and watched the highlights / clippings on new the next day. Thank you.

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